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Mindful Training
༈ གླང་རེ་ཐང་པ་རྡོ་རྗེ་སེང་གེས་མཛད་པའི་བློ་སྦྱོང་ཚིག་བརྒྱད་མ་བཞུགས་སོ།
Eight Verses for Mind-Training Composed by Geshe Langri Thangpa Dorjee Singghe (1054-1123).
Audio: H.H. the Dalai Lama
1 སེམས་བསྐྱེད།
༈ བདག་ནི་སེམས་ཅན་ཐམས་ཅད་ལ།
May I consider sentient beings,
dearer than the Wish-Fulfilling Gem.
Best wishes in mind,
Forever hold them dear.

2 སྙིང་རྗེ།
Whenever whoever I am with
May I see myself least important.
And sincerely others in mind,
Hold them dearly highest.

3 བསམ་གཏན།
Always observe my behaviour.
Negative thoughts may arise,
[and]Hurt myself and others.
Confront and suppress it with force.

4 བཟོད་པ།
For unpleasant sentient being is,
Overwhelmed by bad-karma and suffering.
When stumble upon rare treasure,
Cherish and empathise.

5 སྦྱིན་པ།
Out of envy others may,
Insult, abuse and treat me unjustly.
May I accept [freewill] defeat and loss,
And offer victory to them.

6 ཤེས་རབ།
Whom I have helped,
With great expectation.
Did immense harm and unjust in return.
May I see him as my true teacher.

7 ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས།
In essence, directly or indirectly,
Offer total wellness to mothers.
Suffering and pain of mothers,
Inconspicuously take upon myself.

8 བརྩོན་འགྲུས།
All above be free from
eight compromises of Acquired Concept.
Recognizing all phenomena is illusory,
May I be free from bondage of disgusting Attachment.
*mother: sentient beings
Transliteration: karma

Remembering our brave SFF

Thank You India
Tibetans who “remain” in India are celebrating “Thank You India” and India rightfully deserves praise and admiration. India was home away from home to less than 200,000 Tibetans since we lost our country in 1959.

Legal Status
Officially Tibetans are “guest” of India and legally Tibetans are Registered Foreigners under Foreigners Act of 1946 clause 4(2) and refer to all “registered foreigners’ as “Person on Parole” under Clause (e) of sub-section (2) of Section 3 and requiring him to reside at a place set apart for the residence. For more go here http://www.itibetan.org/act1946.php

Special Frontier Force(SFF): Creation- 1962
India was attacked in 1962 by China, soon after it occupied Tibet, despite Hindi-Chin-Bahi-Bahi (China-India brother) rhetoric by Prime Minister Nehru. After Sino-Indian war Nehru felt the need of an Elite Commando unit. Intelligence Bureau(IB), CIA and ChuShiGangDrug (Tibetan outfit who fought with the Chinese in 1959) established Special Frontier Force and Indo-Tibet Border Police(ITBP) comprised of Tibetans Refugees. SFF was under direct supervision of the Prime Minister but operational command was for IB and later Research & Analysis Wing(RAW). SFF is now under Special Services Bureau of RAW. Although the target was 10,000 there were only about 4,000 Tibetans. Some of them are war veteran and many were single or orphan due to Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959. Most believed that, finally, they were to fight Chinese invaders and return to Tibet as a free man.

SFF is headed by Inspector General(IG) who works under the supervision of Director General(DG) Security, RAW, who reports directly to the Director of RAW.

Training: Guerrilla warfare
SFF was technically trained for “guerrilla” warfare. They are given 6 months basic training and specialize in air, amphibious, mountain and jungle warfare. SFF are qualified to parachute anywhere in the world. Training requires 6 jumps and 2 refresh jumps every year thereafter. They can climb rocks and survive in high altitude mountains or snows. They are trained to survive on various plants specious found in the jungle. Jungle operations are treacherous and tough. These Tibetan Jawans are masters in jungle craft, probably second only to the French Foreign Legion. They are trained to carry out deep interdiction, search and destroy operations for long periods of time. CIA fund and training stopped early on but SFF continued and ITBP no longer recruits Tibetan. Remainder Tibetans were asked to quit or join SFF as ITBP came under Defense Department.

Bangladesh War: 1971
East Pakistan, later Bangladesh(Bengal Nation), had history of unrest. 1971 civil war led to exodus of 10 million into India. Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi, daughter of Mr. Nehru, was forced into war when Pakistan Air Force attacked Indian airfields in Kashmir and Punjab on December 3, 1971. India was backed by Russia at UN. However, US aircraft carrier USS Enterprise was seen moving into Bay of Bengal to support Pakistan’s military force in Bangladesh.

SFF’s covert and overt Theaters
SFF was trained to cover mainly Indo-China border, however it was called for duty in various covert and overt operation theaters by Indian Governmemt. Prime Minister Indra Gandhi made an appeal to SFF to join the war led by J Manekshaw, the army chief. The war must be won before US aircraft carrier reach Bay of Bengal-all out war.

Decca, capital of Bangladesh and Chittagong city were two major cities and port that must be captured. Chittagong port had natural barrier- on the west is Bay of Bengal and Chittagong Hill Tracts on east has dense forest with leech-infested swamp. In addition Pakistan had stationed 97 Independent Brigade and famed 2nd Commando Battalion to advance into Burma. SFF did not have artillery or airlift support to conduct a mission of this scale. They were loaned four Indian Air force Mi-4 helicopters. SFF was to face the brunt of the war and prepare grounds to receive Indian regular army.

Late October 1971, 3,000 SFF were airlifted at night and dropped in Demagiri, Mizoram. Chittagong Hill Tracts was between SFF and Pakistani elite Special Service Group. Equipped with Bulgarian-made assault rifles, the SFF was given the task of organizing Guerrilla raids across the Chittagong Hill Tracts and prepare grounds to receive regular Indian army force. It was November, 2nd week, operation Eagle commenced. Wading the swamp, sometimes neck high, SFF left Demagiri. They were sitting ducks. Pakistani military post were captured one after another by this formidable force without use of heavy artillery.

Gyatso Dhondup, Daepon, Tibetan equivalent of a Brigadier General was in command part of SFF. Sadly, he was one of the first casualties of the war. When he was badly hurt, he shouted, “Go on..leave me here. I am finished but you must carry on”.

When war was officially declared, the SFF had already been inside East Pakistan for more than three weeks. Using both their Bulgarian rifles and native knives, they advanced swiftly. Their Indian commander, Major General S.S.Uban Singh later said, 'They were unstoppable.'

On December 16, the SSF was 40 kilometers away from Chittagong port, having successfully managed to neutralise the Pakistani brigade and Elite forces.

After Pakistan's surrender, SFF paraded through Chittagong. Unfortunately, 56 Tibetans paid the ultimate price and 190 were wounded for a nation which was not ours and enemy we do not know.

Go here for more http://www.rediff.com/news/2006/dec/26claude.htm

Other covert operations carried out by SFF include infamous Blue-Star to flush out Sikh militant from Golden Temple in 1984. Later when Rajiv Gandhi was Prime minister his security was under SFF. Kargil operation in 1999 was yet another. A Tibetan soldier wrote, “Kargil la dhangpo yongdue, bomb ki phebso shoesong” (When I first arrived in Kargil, bombs welcomed me). Words echo fearful sentiments of Tibetan Jawan but are ready to face it with conviction and dedication although war In Kargil and elsewhere is not ours.

In 1975 a new rule was issued concerning SFF. They are not to be deployed within 10 Km of the Indo-China border unless under explicit order. Except one or two majority of border protection are explicit order, anyway.

Today, SFF are deployed in places where Indian regular Military have difficulties due to altitude, cold or hostile environment. Tibetan follow orders without any reservation. A pride Tibetans cherish. Go here for few more

Since SFF is not there in political radar, no recognition, no decoration, no pension and not even proper wages were paid to SFF Jawans at par with military rule.

Since no one wrote songs for our SFF Jawans, they wrote themselves one. Here it is in Romanized form (Hindi language written in English) and translation.


Hum hai Vikasi, tibbat wasi
Desh ki shyan bharayenghye
Jab jab humko milega moka
Jaan pe khel dekhayenghye
Hum hai vikasi
Chin ne humse chean ke tibbat
Ghar se hame nikala hae
Phirbi bharat ne humko,
Apno ki tara sambhala hae
Ekna Ek din chin ko bhi hum
Nako channe chabayenghye
Jab jab hum ko milega moka
Jaan pe khel dekhayenghye
Sichan glaciar main humko
Moka mila dubara hai
Hamare vir jawano ko
Nahin koyi bhi gum
Kargil hoya Bangladesh
Himmat kabhi na hare hum
Jab jab hum ko milega moka
Jaan pe khel dekhayenghye
Jahan hamara mahel potala
Norbu lingka pyara hai
Pujya dalai lama singhasan
Tabse hi nyara hai
Yad karo aun viron ko
Jisne diya balidan hai
Au milkar gayen hum
Jai hamara Tibbat Jai
Jai hamara Tibbat Jai
Jai Hamara Tibbat Jai


We are the Vikasi, dwellers of Tibet
We will strengthen the pride of the country
Whenever opportunities arise
we will play with our lives.
We are the Vikasi
The Chinese snatched Tibet from us
and kicked us out from our home
Even then, India
kept us like their own
One day, surely one day
we will teach the Chinese a lesson
Whenever opportunities arise
we will play with our lives
In the Siachen glacier
we got our second chance
Our young martyrs
have no sadness whatsoever
Whether it is Kargil or Bangladesh
we will not lose our strength
Whenever opportunities arise
we will play with our lives
Where there is our Potala Palace
and lovely Norbu Lingka
The throne of the Dalai Lama
was dear even then
Remember those martyrs of ours
who sacrificed with their lives
Let’s sing together
Hail to our Tibet!
Hail to our Tibet!
Hail to our Tibet!

For more go here http://www.tibetwrites.org/?Not-their-own-wars