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བློ་སྦྱོང་།
Mindful Training
༈ གླང་རེ་ཐང་པ་རྡོ་རྗེ་སེང་གེས་མཛད་པའི་བློ་སྦྱོང་ཚིག་བརྒྱད་མ་བཞུགས་སོ།
Eight Verses for Mind-Training Composed by Geshe Langri Thangpa Dorjee Singghe (1054-1123).
Audio: H.H. the Dalai Lama
1 སེམས་བསྐྱེད།
༈ བདག་ནི་སེམས་ཅན་ཐམས་ཅད་ལ།
ཡིད་བཞིན་ནོར་བུ་ལས་ལྷག་པའི།
དོན་མཆོག་སྒྲུབ་པའི་བསམ་པ་ཡི།
རྟག་ཏུ་གཅེས་པར་འཛིན་པར་ཤོག
May I consider sentient beings,
dearer than the Wish-Fulfilling Gem.
Best wishes in mind,
Forever hold them dear.

2 སྙིང་རྗེ།
གང་དུ་སུ་དང་འགྲོགས་པའི་ཚེ།
བདག་ཉིད་ཀུན་ལས་དམན་བསྟ་ཞིང༌།
གཞན་ལ་བསམ་པ་ཐག་པ་ཡིས།
མཆོག་ཏུ་གཅེས་པར་འཛིན་པར་ཤོག
Whenever whoever I am with
May I see myself least important.
And sincerely others in mind,
Hold them dearly highest.

3 བསམ་གཏན།
སྤྱོད་ལམ་ཀུན་ཏུ་རང་རྒྱུད་ལ།
རྟོག་ཅིང་ཉོན་མོངས་སྐྱེས་མ་ཐག།
བདག་གཞན་མ་རུངས་བྱེད་པས་ན།
བཙན་ཐབས་གདོང་ནས་བཟློག་པར་ཤོག
Always observe my behaviour.
Negative thoughts may arise,
[and]Hurt myself and others.
Confront and suppress it with force.

4 བཟོད་པ།
རང་བཞིན་ངན་པའི་སེམས་ཅན་ནི།
སྡིག་སྡུག་དྲག་པོས་ནོན་མཐོང་ཚེ།
རིན་ཆེན་གཏེར་དང་འཕྲད་པ་བཞིན།
རྙེད་པར་དཀའ་བའི་གཅེས་འཛིན་ཤོག
For unpleasant sentient being is,
Overwhelmed by bad-karma and suffering.
When stumble upon rare treasure,
Cherish and empathise.

5 སྦྱིན་པ།
བདག་ལ་གཞན་གྱིས་ཕྲག་དོག་གིས།
གཤེ་སྐུར་ལ་སོགས་མི་རིགས་པའི།
གྱོང་ཁ་རང་གིས་ལེན་པ་དང༌།
རྒྱལ་ཁ་གཞན་ལ་འབུལ་བར་ཤོག
Out of envy others may,
Insult, abuse and treat me unjustly.
May I accept [freewill] defeat and loss,
And offer victory to them.

6 ཤེས་རབ།
གང་ལ་བདག་གིས་ཕན་བཏགས་པའི།
རེ་བ་ཆེ་བ་གང་ཞིག་གིས།
ཤིན་ཏུ་མི་རིགས་གནོད་བྱེད་ནའང།
བཤེས་གཉེན་དམ་པར་བལྟ་བར་ཤོག
Whom I have helped,
With great expectation.
Did immense harm and unjust in return.
May I see him as my true teacher.

7 ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས།
མདོར་ན་དངོས་དང་བརྒྱུད་པ་ཡིས།
ཕན་བདེ་མ་རྣམས་ཀུན་ལ་འབུལ།
མ་ཡི་གནོད་དང་སྡུག་བསྔལ་ཀུན།
གསང་བས་གདག་ལ་ལེན་པར་ཤོག
In essence, directly or indirectly,
Offer total wellness to mothers.
Suffering and pain of mothers,
Inconspicuously take upon myself.

8 བརྩོན་འགྲུས།
དེ་དག་ཀུན་ཀྱང་ཆོས་བརྒྱད་ཀྱི།
རྟོག་པའི་དྲི་མས་མ་སྦགས་ཤིང༌།
ཆོས་ཀུན་སྒྱུ་མར་ཤེས་པའི་བློས།
ཞེན་པའི་འཆིང་བ་ལས་གྲོལ་ཤོག
All above be free from
eight compromises of Acquired Concept.
Recognizing all phenomena is illusory,
May I be free from bondage of disgusting Attachment.
*mother: sentient beings
Transliteration: karma
 High Speed Trains

Trains are engineering marvels. These engineers had to re-invent the wheels because regular cylindrical wheels failed to negotiate curved track lines. Cylindrical wheels work fine when track is straight but it derails when track has corners.

When two wheels are joined by fixed or rigid axle, as in train bogies, they fail to turn at curve tracks because outer wheel must travel a greater distance compared to the inner wheel. In motor vehicles cylindrical wheels are joined by a “differential gear” instead of rigid axle-outer wheels turn more than the inner wheels due to “gear” arrangement.

Conical Wheel

Coned shaped wheels, instead of cylindrical, help resolve the rigid axle and curve track issue. Since cone has different diameters- cone tip has the smallest diameter and base has the greatest. Base of the cone or fatter part of the cone, which has large diameter will cover more distance and tip of the cone will cover less distance as the fixed axle make ONE turn. And that is what we need (different distance covered in one turn) for the rigid axle wheel on train bogies.

Wheel flanges hardly touches the tracks unless there is big shake. They are there as a safety measure in case there is significant lateral movements due to earthquake or some other mishaps.

Here is youtube video that explains the above point further. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y7h4OtFDnYE&feature=youtu.be
But here is another 4 minute video which illustrates how tapered or conical wheel works to turn a corner in a visually animated graphics.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agd8B-31bjE

Angel of cone: tapering angle

Train bogies face another issue as train speed surpasses certain speed limit. It is called “hunting oscillation” where bogies simply derails. Japan has the highest speed record of wheel based trains- bullet train. It is about 300 km/ hour.

Watch this 48 minutes BBC video document where he explains the whole high-speed issues with a big budget demonstrations. It is very educational.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPLx9j-bBHo

Trains that run on Magnets without wheels: Magnetically Levitated Trains: MagLev Trains

These trains do not have wheels. it travels on a cushion of air. Only air friction is there. Today, Japan has the fastest maglev train which can exceed 600km/ hour.



Japan’s meglev train exceeds 600km/hour speed as following video shows.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5yBjGbAAow

Principal of maglev train is simple. When electricity passes through an iron rod it turns into a magnet and it has two poles -North and South Pole. Same poles repel and opposite poles attract each other. Maglev track is embedded with thousands of these iron rods and likewise bottom of the train. When electricity is applied to these tiny iron-rods they push or lift the train bogies up it is now sitting on a cushion of air.

Here is more schematic explanation in youtube.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aAT81cKziIs

Electricity and electromagnetic force interplay to produce following motions. Here is a table top train, wheel less- that employs copper wire coil, magnets and cell batteries.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXeXcbvBPJw

Magets and supper conductor show yet another way to move things from A to B. Watch this video.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPqEEZa2Gis#t=312.36375




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